The glorious Muslims religious scripture the Holy Quran was revealed on Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through the angel Gabriel. This revelation took a period of twenty three years to get completed, sometime in the form of short verses while some time in the form of long chapters.
After receiving the revelation, Prophet engaged himself in the activity of conveying the message of Allah to his companions by reciting the exact word in the exact order he heard. The Quran’s rhythmic style and fluent expression makes it easy to memorize. As in ancient times writing was scarcely used, memory and oral transmission were the only source of communication available. So large portion of the revelation got memorized easily by a large number of people.
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) encouraged his companions to learns the verses and pass it on to others. The recitation of Holy Quran was also required at the time of worships epically during the daily prayers. Through this means many repeatedly heard the revelation and memorized it during prayers. By this act the Quran got memorized word by word according to the correct sequence by the companions of the Holy Prophet.
As the companions of the Holy Prophet spread out to various provinces with different populations the also took their recitations along and instructed it to them. In this way the same Quran became widely retained in the memories of many across vast and diverse areas.
The world’s oldest Quran in history got compiled in Madina by Othman, the third caliph of the Muslim world, and thus got named as the Othman Koran. Before him, the sacred verses that Allah Almighty revealed on Prophet (PBUH) were either memorized or written on pieces of wood or camel bone.
So in-order to prevent dispues about which versed should be considered divinely inspired, Othman compiled a completely definitive version. This book of Quran got completed in 651 AD only 19 years after the death of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). This priceless Quran is kept in a special glass fronted vault built in a wall of a tiny inner room.
About one third of the original script stills survives today. It has around 250 pages with huge volume written in bold Arabic. It is to be believed that Caliph Othman made five copies of the original Quran. And a partial Quran in the Topkapi Place in Istanbul is considered to be a one of these copies.
The world’s oldest Quran, Islam’s most sacred relics lies in one doubtful corner of Tashkent the Uzbek Capital. This is a reminder in history of the role the Muslims of Central Asia played in preserving this book, a fact which is overlooked after seven decades of Soviets incredulity.
The place where this Quran now kept is a library located in the am old area of Tashkent known as Hast-Imam. This place lies down in a series of dusty lanes near the grave of the 10th century scholar, Kaffel-Shashi. There are approximately 20,000 books and 3000 manuscripts in this library as said by a young mufti scholar Ikram Akhmedov.
The books and manuscripts present in the library are mostly on mediaeval history, astronomy and medicine. While apart from this there are also commentaries on the Quran and books of law. But the oldest book of Quran present here is the Othman Koran from the seventh century.